Ed Golson Outdoor Education

white pine

Scientific Name: Pinus strobes

Description: The white pine is Michigan's state tree because of its history in the logging business. The white pine was a favorite among lumberjacks because it grows large and straight and is easy to float down a river.

The white pine is a very large tree, often growing to over 80 feet tall and 40 feet wide. This tree can be distinguished from other pines by looking at the needles. The needles on a white pine tree are thin, soft, and bluish green in color. They always grow in bundles of five. The bark of the white pine tree is grayish-green in color and is usually smooth, at least among the younger trees. The bark of older trees has furrows and ridges and is darker in color.

The white pine can be found throughout most of eastern North America. It grows best in rich soils that are moist, well-drained, and slightly acidic. It often struggles in heavier clay soils.




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