Ed Golson Outdoor Education

Indian bat

( Endangered Species )

Scientific Name: Myotis sodalist

Description: The Indiana bat is about the size of a normal mouse. They grow to 2 to 4 inches in length and weigh less than half an ounce. The fur on their back is usually some shade of gray, but it can be black to light brown. The Indiana bat is very similar to appearance to the little brown bat, but the Indiana bat's fur is not as shiny. Indiana bats can live up to 14 years in the wild.

Habitat: The Indiana bat is found throughout many areas of the eastern and Midwestern U.S. They spend their winters hibernating in caves. In the summer they live in spaces under the bark of trees.

Feeding: Like many other types of bats, Indiana bats eat mostly insects. They prefer small, soft body insects like mosquitoes and flies, but they will eat larger moths or beetles when they are available.

Why are they endangered ? There are still a large number of Indiana bats around, but they are very vulnerable to human interference. These bats need to hibernate in very large groups inside caves during the winter. When humans enter their caves, they can disturb the bats and cause the bats a lot of stress. A few disturbances into a single cave could cause hundreds or thousands of bats to get sick and die.

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