Ed Golson Outdoor Education

Monarch Butterfly

Scientific Name: Danaus plexippus

Order: Lepidoptera

Description: Monarch butterflies are bright orange with black borders and black veins. They grow to have a wingspan of 3 to 5 inches. Monarch butterflies are poisonous to eat for most animals because they eat milkweed plants as caterpillars. They use their bright colors to warn predators of their poison to avoid being eaten.

Habitat: Monarch butterflies live all over the world, mostly in open areas. They need to live in areas where there is milkweed present though, since that is what they eat when they are young caterpillars.

Food: When they are caterpillars, the butterfly feeds on milkweed plants. As adults, they eat flower nectar.




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