Ed Golson Outdoor Education

small mouth bass

Scientific Name: Micropterus dolomieu 

Description: The smallmouth bass has an olive green body. It has a yellowish underside, and several dark brown vertical stripes along its sides. Contrary to its name, the smallmouth bass has a larger mouth than most other fish. The average size for adult smallmouth bass is 15 to 20 inches.  


Habitat: The smallmouth bass is native to most of eastern North America, from southern Quebec south to Alabama. This fish has been introduced to many other parts of the world.  They like to live in cooler rivers and lakes that have clear water with a sandy or rocky bottom. They usually live around large rocks or fallen trees that offer some shelter.  

Feeding: The smallmouth bass, like many fish, is not picky in what it eats. It often eats smaller fish, amphibians, insects, and crayfish.

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