Ed Golson Outdoor Education

Barn Owl

Barn Owl: ( Endangered Species )

Scientific Name : Tyto alba

Description: The barn owl can be best described by it's heart-shaped white faces outlined with a thin, dark brown edge.  The rest of the body is a grey color with many dark lines and a few spots on the feathers.  This bird has many different nicknames including: monkey-faced owl, ghost owl, church owl, and the death owl .   Weighing just about a pound these creatures are about 15in in length, and have a wingspan of about 42 inches. That's almost 4 feet!

 Habitat:  This species of owls is the most widespread of all owls being found on every continent except Antarctica.  The habitat of these birds varies greatly as they are found in woodland areas, caves, wells, buildings or even thick flora .


Feeding:  Barn Owls are excellent hunters. They feed on small rod ents, baby rabbits, bats, lizards, and other birds.  By relying on their keen sense of hearing and quiet flight, barn owls can capture prey in open fields .

Why They Are Endangered : Unlike most birds, barn owls don't store fat for the winter. Therefore, long harsh winters can cause many barn owls to die. Also, barn owls are very sensitive to pesticides. If they eat something that had pesticide on it, they could get sick, or it just may make their eggs very fragile and hard to develop.

 Click to hear the barn owl's call.

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